It is important to know what to look for when purchasing new carpeting for your home. Terms can be tossed around and without knowing what they mean, they can add to the stress of trying to find the right carpet for your floors. Our guide of carpeting terms will help you be an informed shopper when searching Naffco’s inventory.
Fiber is the actual carpet material. Material starts off as single fibers which are then spun together to create yarn. That yarn is then attached to a woven backing to create the carpet. Popular carpet fibers include:
- Nylon – A synthetic material with a strong fiber. Nylon is the most common carpet material. Its durability holds up in rooms with heavy traffic. Nylon is resistant against soil, mildew, and allergens. Some nylon is prone to static.
- Wool – This natural yarn is composed of very tightly packed fibers, which gives wool a natural resistance to dirt and stains. Wool also offers a rich look, and is among the most expensive options.
- Polyester – While polyester is more stain resistant the nylon, it is often not as durable. However, polyester is non-allergenic and easy to clean, and comes in a wide variety of textures and colors.
- Acrylic – Typically manufactured for commercial use, acrylic is a synthetic carpeting material that comes in a wide variety of colors, and is resistant against fading. Acrylic carpeting is resilient against mildew, soil, moths and static.
- Olefin – This synthetic fiber is comprised of polypropylene. Olefin is resistant against moisture and water damage, stains, static, pilling and shedding. The material was originally designed for outdoor carpeting use, though nowadays it is used indoors due to its appearance and feel being similar to wool.
- Triexta – This new or option features durability and strong resistance against stains. While it has not been on the market as long as the other options, Triexta has become popular for households with pets or children.
Carpets with higher density are stronger than carpets with low density. In this context, density indicates how closely packed together the strands of fiber are along the carpet.
Also referred to as “face” or “nap”, a carpet’s pile refers to the the carpet fiber height.
The amount of fiber that is on the carpet’s surface. Face weight is measured in ounces per square yard. Higher face weights indicate more fiber, signaling higher quality carpets. This number indicates quality best when comparing carpets made of the same fiber. Weight will vary from fiber to fiber, so keep that in mind when comparing carpets made of different fibers.
This indicates the weight of the entire carpet, including fiber, backing, and latex. Like face weight, total weight is measured in ounces per square yard.
Determined by the way in which the fibers on the carpet are cut, looped or twisted. Texture plays a large role in the look, feel and overall quality of the carpet.
The twist count indicates the number of times a fiber can turn in the length of 1 inch. A carpet with a high twist count is more likely to resist crushing and hold up well in rooms with heavy foot traffic.
PAR stands for Performance, Appearance and Retention. The PAR rating system measures how well a carpet keeps its appearance. The PAR rating scales from 1 to 5, with five being the highest.